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A History of Boughton

Chester Landmark Tour
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Origin of the name
Beach - ton [a settlement were beach trees are growing?]
Bock -stow [blue stone, location of a blue boundary marker stone?]

Christleton Road, Chester (30 Minutes walk from the cross)
St Giles Cemetery Plaque Details in Boughton A close up of John Speed's Map of Chester 1610 showing Boughton Boughton Cross

Simon Boyd

Introduction

Boughton is a suburb of Chester located a mile to the east of the city on a bend in the River Dee. Boughton has a long history stretching back into Roman times. Natural pure water springs were tapped and water transported to the Roman fortress nearby. Important Roman roads into the fortress were lined with cremation burials and possibly monuments. Traces of a Roman Temple were discovered near Boughton Bars. In the middle ages Boughton was a place of execution and the housing of the sick. Much of Boughton was destroyed in the English Civil War.

St Paul's Church, Boughton from the River Dee. Click for the Web Site >>>
Boughton

There is not much for the tourist to see in Boughton today. Apart from the small graveyard of the chapel of St. Giles. The recorded history of this area of the city started in roman times. This area was the intersection of 3 roman roads. These roads can be seen on the small map above and the path of these roads can also be seen today.

The name 'boughton' or 'bluestone' may have originated from the placement of a blue boundary stone (now lost) along side the road similar to the Gloverstone which stood outside Chester Castle.

The Gloverstone

Roman Times

In Roman times Boughton was well outside the Roman Fortress. A number of Roman cremation urns have been discovered dotted throughout the area. Suggesting that the three Roman Roads that converged in the area may have had burials and cremations along them. The most surprising find to come from Boughton was a large Roman Altar standing almost four feet high. It was discovered by workmen in 1821 toppled over almost in situ in a field now lost called 'the daniels'. This was thought to be located somewhere behind the Cherry Orchard Pub. The altar was damaged by pickaxe before it was discovered what it was. The altar marked the position of the well head for the springs for the Roman Fortress. And is dedicated to the 'Nymphs and fountains of the twentieth legion (Valeria Vitrix)'. The inscription is on both sides and it was designed to be seen from two viewpoints.

The altar was purchased privately be the Duke of Westminster. And is now in the private grounds of Eaton Hall.

Roman Altar found in Boughton Site of the Boughton Springs

Roman Altar Found in BoughtonRoman Altar Found in Boughton

Near the altar was a spring long since dried up. Water was tapped off and conveyed to the fortress by the means of a terra cotta pipeline. Part of the aqueduct was found during the construction of the Grosvenor Park Lodge.

Roman Terra Cotta pipes

Some of the Roman Terra Cotta pipes found are now in the Grosvenor Museum.

The Hospital

St Giles from the Cloister window in Chester Cathedral The Site of the Hospital St Giles from the Cloister window in Chester Cathedral

The next major part of Boughton's history starts early in the 12th century when Earl Randle Blunderville founded a leper hospital, a mile from the city walls. This hospital looked after people with all kinds of diseases including the plague. The area is shown on the map as a cluster of pest houses surrounding a chapel, south of the road junction of Christleton and Tarvin Road.

There were in fact two chapels. One in the middle of the fork in the road called Boughton chapel-at-ease, belonging to St Oswald's parish. The other across the road called the Chapel of Spital Boughton. The hospital was granted charters and privileges including the right to extract tax from people passing with goods into Chester.

All that is left today is the small graveyard and an inscription. The inscription reads:

St Giles CemeteryThe Site of the Hospital

Cemetery Sign

St Giles Cemetery. Here stood the leper hospital and chapel of St Giles. Founded early in the 12th century and endowed by successive Norman earls of Chester they remained in constant use until 1643. When defensive measures during the siege of Chester necessitated the demolition of buildings outside the city walls. The cemetery remained to mark the site and in time the little village of Spital Boughton clustered around it. In 1644 the royalist defenders suffered great loss of life in a gallant sortie in Boughton and many of the fallen were buried here. It was also used for victims of the plagues which ravaged the city in the 16th and 17th centuries. Being extra parochial the site was granted to the corporation by Charles II in 1685. As a burial ground and through for a period in the charge of St Johns parish. It remains in their hands. When protestant martyr George Marsh was burned at the stake on gallows hill close by his ashes were collected by his friends and buried here. The last burial took place in 1854.

St Giles Cemetery

A drinking fountain was erected in the middle of the road. But has since been moved to the side of the cemetery. It has long since gone out of use. It is inscribed: "Presented to the city by Miss Humble of Vicars Cross in memory of the late Ed Humble and the ---- who reside there"

St Giles CemeterySt Giles CemeterySt Giles Cemetery

George Marsh

A Protestant Martyr
(Born in Deane 1515 - Died in Chester 1555)

George Marsh Memorial George Marsh

George Marsh was the only person martyred in Cheshire under Queen Mary. He was burned at the stake on the 24th April 1555 in Boughton north of Christleton road opposite the Gallows. George Marsh was condemned to burn to death as a heretic by bishop of Chester George Coats at the consistory court in the Cathedral. Which was then housed in the Lady Chapel behind the high altar.

George Marsh was a preacher from near Bolton in an area on the hill above the town called 'Deane'. He went about his way preaching stories from the bible in the villages around Bolton, he was employed by Edward VI in 1547 as a preaching minister. He was a tall man with a cleaver way with words. But during the reign of Queen Mary his preaching's were out of step with the new Catholic ways. He was brought before the authorities, Justice Barton at Smithills Hall. But refused to change his ways. He was imprisoned for a time at Lancaster Castle but people still flocked to his prison cell to hear him preach. He was then moved to Chester to be tried and executed. He was given the change to go free if he became a Catholic. But he refused to do this. He was taken to Boughton to be burned at the stake. He was tied to the stake and a barrel of tar was set above is head to drip on him as he burned. After he was executed his ashes were collected by his friends and buried in St Giles Cemetery nearby.

The Parish Church of Deane in George Marsh's native Bolton.
The Parish Church of Dean in Goerge Marsh's native Bolton

In 1554 George Marsh was questioned at one of Bolton's old Manor Houses.
Click here for more Information on Smithills Hall >>>
Smithills Hall

After his 'examination', it is said that a mark on a flagstone inside the building was made when he stamped his foot on the floor in protest.
Smithills HallSmithills Hall

The trial of George Marsh was held in the Lady Chapel of Chester Cathedral.
Trial

Memorial Monument.
The Monument in Boughton

In 1898 Nessie Brown erected an obelisk on the opposite side of the road. Nessie Brown was a member of the influential Brown family of Chester. And lived in the area. The obelisk was moved to the current location after the road was widened. The inscription reads:

George Marsh born Dean Co. Lancaster. To the memory of George Marsh martyr who was burned to death near this spot for the truth sake April 24th 1555. Also John Plessington 19th July 1679. Canonised saint 25th October 1970.

Execution Site
Gallows Hill

Barrel Well Hill

www.ngs.org.uk
NGS Gardens open for charity
The National Gardens Scheme. 3800 NGS gardens to visit with the best of plants, flowers and garden design (including National Trust). The Monument in Boughton

The Monument
The Monument in Boughton

Flowers are laid out every year on the 24th of April in memory of George Marsh.

The Monument in Boughton

The Monument in Boughton

The Monument in Boughton

The execution site from the River Dee. The area is consecrated ground and has not been built on.
The Boughton Execution Site

St Giles cemetery is the final resting place of his ashes.
St Giles cemetery is the final resting place of his ashes
St Giles cemetery is the final resting place of his ashes

John Plessington


Father John Plessington was a Catholic priest who was executed at Boughton on the 19th of July 1679. He was made a saint on the 25th October 1970.
There is a memorial to him in the entrance porch of St Werburgh's Catholic Church Grosvenor Road.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Plessington
Father John Plessington memorial in St Werburgh's catholic church

Civil War

Civil War in Boughton Civil War in Boughton Civil War in Boughton

The entire township of Boughton was burned down in the English civil war on 20th July 1643 after an attack. This prevented parliamentarian troops using the buildings as cover to attack the city. West of the Hospital, just before the junction of Christleton road and Hoole Road. Royalist soldiers constructed an earth wall, to protect the city from attack. They built a turnpike barrier across the road. Two gun emplacements flanked it. Even today this area is known as The Mount. Because of the rests the muskets were placed on for steady aim. All that remains now the small graveyard of the hospital.

Near the site of the earth wall there is a 17th century figure high up the brickwork of a shop.

Boughton Boughton Boughton

Rebuilding

After the civil war Boughton was gradually rebuilt. For example, Boughton Hall. Which has an old fireplace with the date 1655 and TH inscribed above it. Boughton House on Sandy lane has a 17th century gable. The hospital was never rebuilt. Instead it was transferred to Northgate Street.

The ancient gateway called the Boughton Barrs was demolished.
Boughton Barrs

Boughton Bars area today.
Boughton Bars area today

The Shot Tower

The industrial revolution and the tower that helped to defeat Napoleon

New! October 2012 - Approval has been granted for Neptune Developments to create 52 apartments, 8 retail units, cafe courtyard and heritage centre.

The Shot Tower

Boughton

In 1800 the lead works was built for Walkers, Parker and Co Ltd. It provided shot during the Napolionic wars.
The Shropshire Union canal was built through Boughton in the 1770's.

Boughton Shot TowerCanal in Boughton

19th Century

Walmor House was built in 1890 over looking the river Dee on Sandy Lane. It was the headquarters of the Cheshire Fire Service until 1997. On Christleton Road the space by St. Giles cemetery was left after the 19th century Black Lion public house was demolished in 1971. The history of that establishment can be traced back to 1696. When the lord mayor greeted William III on his visit to Chester outside.

St Pauls church in Boughton was redesigned in 1875 by the Chester architect John Douglas.

Walmor HouseSite of the Black Lion

Numbers 1 - 5, Christleton Road designed by John Douglas.
Boughton1 - 5 Boughton

Boughton Shops

John Douglas restored the church of St Pauls.
St. Pauls BoughtonSt Pauls church was restored by John Douglas

20th Century

In the 20th century the Peacock pub was relocated from the other side of the road (From the site of the Peacock garage), to the corner of Heath Lane. This was to allow the parking of cars. The area continued to grow, and many houses and streets were built around Christleton Road. Just before the war years, rows of shops were built along Christleton Road before the peacock. A cinema was built next to the peacock but was never used as such. It is now an auction room. Sainsburys located a supermarket on the roundabout.

Today many fine houses line the River Dee at Boughton.
Boughton

Boughton Shops.
Boughton

The River Dee and the Meadows can be viewed in some places.
Boughton

The Sandy Lane Ferry operates on Sundays and Bank Holidays, Summer Time only between the Meadows and Sandy Lane.

Click here for more information
Boughton Ferry

The Pubs of Boughton

The Peacock on Christleton Road.
The Peacock Pub in Boughton

The Cherry Orchard, Boughton close to the Peacock
The Cherry Orchard

The Mount just off Chrisleton Road
The Mount

The Spital Vaults off Chrisleton Road
The Spital Vaults in Boughton is under new management
Spital Vaults

The Twirl of Hay, near Sainsburys
The Twirl of Hay

21st Century

New Canalside Housing Developments.
Boughton

The area of the old lead works and the canal side are currently subject to new housing developments.
Below are pictures of Stocks Lane bowling green, Walmore Hill path to the river and Sandy Lane paddling pool.

Bowling Green in Boughton Walmor Hill The Old Paddling Pool


www.audio-excellence.co.uk
www.audio-excellence.co.uk

86/90 Boughton
Chester
CH3 5AQ
01244 345576
Fax : 01244 348134
Email : chester@audio-excellence.co.uk


www.bluechillikitchen.com
Blue Chilli Kitchen

Blue Chilli Kitchen
59 Boughton
Chester
CH3 5AF
Telephone:01244 340330
www.bluechillikitchen.com
chef@bluechillikitchen.com

New Fast Food Outlet near Chester in Boughton


A view of the City of Chester and the River Dee.
A view of the City of Chester


The start of the Caldy Valley Nature Trail.
The start of the Caldy Valley Nature Trail

Caldy Valley Retail Park
Boughton

Sainsbury's Supermarket in Boughton near Boughton Heath Roundabout
Click here for more information
i

Boughton

Premier Inn Chester Central South
Boughton - Premier Inn Chester Central South

Boughton Heath Roundabout. The entrance to Chester from the A41 from Whitchurch, A55 from North Wales, M53, M56.
Boughton

Boughton

The Entrance to Chester on the A41 heading into Boughton
Boughton

Going along the A41 into Boughton
Boughton

The Peacock Pub and the start of the Boughton Shops
Boughton

Shopping in Boughton

Click here to find out more >>>
Shopping in Boughton, Click here to find out more

Mercure Chester Abbots Well Hotel
AA RatingStarStarStarStar Mercure Chester East Hotel. Click here to Book On-Line
Whitchurch Road
Great Boughton
Chester
CH3 5QL
0844 815 9001
Click for website www.mercurechester.co.uk


Bedrooms 126 En-suite Bedrooms
Parking Large Private Car Park in front of the Hotel

Previously known as Ramada Jarvis Chester and The Abbots Well Hotel

A warm and friendly welcome awaits you along with comfortable beds with crisp cotton linen and soft duvets, flat screen TVs with on demand movies, loungable sofas and fine food and wines all in a relaxing atmosphere. Mercure Chester East offers a range of areas to eat and drink including an outside patio overlooking our beautiful gardens in the summer months. For the more active our Sebastian Coe Health and Leisure Club offers full gym facilities along with a large swimming pool, Sauna and steam room. Beauty treatments and massages are available on request. Whether for business or pleasure looking after you is our No 1 priority.

Click here for more information
i

Click on the Buttons Below to Book On-Line

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Boughton Retail Centre

Please click for more Information >>>
Boughton Retail Centre. Please click for more information

Panarama of the Shops at the Bars in Boughton, Chester.

Panorama

The Water Tower is now a listed building !
The Water Tower in Boughton

Acacia Floral Designs Boughton Chester

Acacia Floral Designs Boughton Chester

Business in the area

Aliz Aliz

Aliz

26 Christleton Road
Boughton
Chester
CH3 5UG
077 330 76721
www.alizvintage.co.uk

Designer Vintage Clothing at afforable prices.

Bonhams
Bonhams

Bonhams


Auction House
New House
150 Christleton Road
Chester
CH3 5TD
01244 313 936
Fax 01244 340 028
chester@bonhams.com
www.bonhams.com/chester

Click here for more information
i

Entyce Creative
Entyce Creative

Entyce Creative

1A Spital Walk
Chester
CH3 5DB
01244 310 140
info@entyce-creative.com
www.entyce-creative.com

Entyce Creative is an innovative and professional design agency based in Cheshire. Read more about Entyce Creative > We adore what we do and our philosophy is to build long-lasting and rewarding relationships with our clients. We create thoughtful designs and ideas, and consistently deliver superb results by listening to our clients and involving them at each stage of our work. Our mission is to always meet and exceed expectations - and to challenge clients' thinking to ensure they get the most out of every project. Along the way we make their lives happier and easier. When you need an agency which is passionate about design and creativity, Entyce Creative makes perfect sense.

Flair Hairdressing Salon Flair Hairdressing Salon

Flair Hairdressing Salon

58 Becketts Lane
Chester
CH3 5RW
01244 324 851

Well established hairdressers in Boughton.

Muir Group Housing Association
Muir Group Housing Association

Muir Group Housing Association


Old Government House
Dee Hills Park
Chester
CH3 5AR
01244 313 613
www.muir.org.uk

Office has relocated to

80 Lightfoot Street
Hoole
Chester
CH2 3AL
0300 123 1222

Muir Group Housing Association is a registered social landlord and an exempt charity with over 5000 homes.

Chester Convenience Store
Chester Convenience Store Boughton

Chester Convenience Store

9-13 Boughton
Chester
CH3 5AE
01244 324 081

The Web Master has Visited this establishment Date Visited August 2014

Excellent large newsagent shop on Boughton main road.

Second Time Around Furnishings
Second Time Around Furnishings

Second Time Around Furnishings

6 Christleton Road
Boughton
Chester
CH3 5UG
01244 316 394
Graham and Gary Shacklady
grahamshacklady@aol.com
07831 318 411
07889 988 887

Simon Boyd
Simon Boyd

Simon Boyd

38 Christleton Road
Boughton
Chester
01244 311 160
www.simonboyd.com

Interiors

We’ll be launching our exciting new website very soon!

The Bike Factory
The Bike Factory

The Bike Factory

153 Christleton Road
Boughton
Chester
01244 317 893
thebikefactory.co.uk

The Bike Factory cycles and parts / accessories

The Web Master has Visited this establishment Date Visited Saturday 7th December 2013

Click here for more information
i

ProBike Motorcycle Training

ProBike Motorcycle Training


Chester and North Wales
info@probikemct.co.uk
01244 822 151
www.probikemct.co.uk

ProBike Motorcycle Training is the home of motorcycle and scooter training in Chester, North Wales and Wirral, with the largest off-road training centre and practice site in the country, and two local sites at Deeside (next to Deeside Ice Rink/Leisure Centre) and on Sandy Lane Chester.

Events

www.chestermusictheatre.com
www.chestermusictheatre.com

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